Skip to main content

Cybercrime and cyber criminals

Cybercrime and cyber criminals

Maritime crime and Africa 

Cybercrime has been evolving and spreading across the globe, and tools and environments are becoming available online allowing for new types of crime or expanding and upscaling traditional crime (NCA Strategic Industry Group, 2016). There are three reasons for this project approach. Related issues are international, however, we focus on Africa in our approach, for the following reasons.  

  • First, Africa has been attributed to serve as the source of various types of cybercrime (Quarshie & Martin-Odoom, 2012). This has societal, reputational and economic impacts on African countries. 
  • Second, African economies are developing fast, often faster than the establishment of adequate cyber security maturity levels (von Solms, 2015) and, thus, become targets (Kshetri, 2019).  
  • Third, maritime cyber incidents are being increasingly observed worldwide (Fitton et al., 2015). Out of the 55 African countries, 39 have access to the sea and even landlocked countries are heavily dependent on maritime transport to reach global markets (UNCTAD, 2020).  

Predatory behaviours & criminal profiling  

Many factors explain the phenomena of cybercrime and online predatory behaviours which constitute offenses. We target a range of offenses, namely, sexual cyber predators, terrorists, online extremists with a focus on radicalisation, and organised crime. In this exploration, it is important to examine how and why perpetrators commit crimes from a human behavioural and psychological standpoint. The interaction between humans and technology and how this can lead to predatory crimes is one of the aims of the study. 

  • Konstantinos Mersinas (ISG) 
  • Pessima Yarjah (PhD student, ISG) 
  • Maria Bada (Queen Mary)


The project is supported by London Met Police and the Pan-African Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in Alexandria, Egypt; Dr Konstantinos Mersinas is part of the Patriarchate’s Human Rights Committee.  


Explore Royal Holloway

Get help paying for your studies at Royal Holloway through a range of scholarships and bursaries.

There are lots of exciting ways to get involved at Royal Holloway. Discover new interests and enjoy existing ones

Heading to university is exciting. Finding the right place to live will get you off to a good start

Whether you need support with your health or practical advice on budgeting or finding part-time work, we can help

Discover more about our 21 departments and schools

Find out why Royal Holloway is in the top 25% of UK universities for research rated ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’

Royal Holloway is a research intensive university and our academics collaborate across disciplines to achieve excellence.

Discover world-class research at Royal Holloway

Discover more about who we are today, and our vision for the future

Royal Holloway began as two pioneering colleges for the education of women in the 19th century, and their spirit lives on today

We’ve played a role in thousands of careers, some of them particularly remarkable

Find about our decision-making processes and the people who lead and manage Royal Holloway today